Ekonomiczne konsekwencje przestrzennej decentralizacji i centralizacji miasta na podstawie literatury zagranicznej

Piotr Lityński

Streszczenie


Artykuł ma charakter teoretyczny i opiera się na przeglądzie literatury zagranicznej - anglojęzycznej - dotyczącej ekonomicznych kosztów i korzyści przestrzennej centralizacji i decentralizacji miasta. Przedstawiono definicje istoty koncepcji przestrzennej centralizacji miasta, jak i jego decentralizacji. Wskazano metodyczne podstawy oceny ekonomicznej efektywności obu wymienionych koncepcji. Skatalogowano ekonomiczne koszty oraz korzyści wynikające z procesów decentralizacyjnych jak i wdrażania koncepcji centralizacyjnych. Jako przykład określania kosztów i korzyści posłużono się koncepcjami urban sprawl i miasta kompaktowego.

Słowa kluczowe


centralizacja przestrzenna, decentralizacja przestrzenna, urban sprawl, miasto kompaktowe, ekonomiczne koszty, ekonomiczne korzyści

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Literatura


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15678/ZNUEK.2014.0936.1204