Znaczenie nierówności dochodowych dla inwestycji w kapitał ludzki w latach 1970–2012

Jakub Bartak, Łukasz Jabłoński

Streszczenie


Celem artykułu jest identyfikacja wpływu nierówności dochodowych na inwestycje w kapitał ludzki w wybranych krajach w latach 1970–2012. Dokonano tego przez oszacowanie funkcji regresji ilościowych oraz jakościowych inwestycji w kapitał ludzki. Oparcie analizy na danych panelowych umożliwiło kontrolowanie efektów indywidualnych, czasowych i losowych, co stanowi wkład do rozważań o ilościowych związkach między badanymi zmiennymi. Wyniki oszacowań wskazują na istnienie negatywnej zależności między nierównościami dochodowymi a ilościowymi inwestycjami w kapitał ludzki. Wykazano także, że ta negatywna zależność odporna jest na specyfikację modelową. Uzyskane wyniki nie pozwalają natomiast na wyciągnięcie jednoznacznych wniosków dotyczących zależności między nierównościami dochodowymi a inwestycjami w kapitał ludzki w wymiarze jakościowym.


Słowa kluczowe


kapitał ludzki, nierówności dochodowe, endogeniczna teoria wzrostu gospodarczego, efekty indywidualne

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Literatura


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15678/ZNUEK.2017.0962.0204