Rising Income Inequalities – the Causes of and Consequences for Long-term Growth

Marta Sordyl

Streszczenie


Tytuł artykułu: Rosnące nierówności dochodu – przyczyny i wpływ na długookresowy wzrost

Cel: Celem artykułu jest określenie kanałów, poprzez które nierówności dochodu wpływają na krótkookresową sytuację gospodarczą oraz wzrost w długim okresie.

Metodyka badań: Artykuł jest wstępem do dalszych badań. Stanowi przegląd istniejącej literatury przedmiotu, co pozwala poddać weryfikacji hipotezę, że nierówności niekorzystnie oddziałują na stopy wzrostu oraz stabilność gospodarki.

Wyniki badań: Przedstawiono mechanizmy, poprzez które nierówności dochodu oddziałują na popyt globalny, produkcję i akumulację kapitału (rzeczowego i ludzkiego), kładąc nacisk na zagrożenia z tym związane, takie jak wzrost zadłużenia prywatnego i publicznego oraz deficyty na rachunkach obrotów bieżących.

Wnioski: Zaproponowano alternatywną strategię wzrostu opartego na płacach (wage-led growth strategy) – polega ona na wzmocnieniu pozycji pracowników w gospodarce, dzięki czemu płace rosną co najmniej w tempie odpowiadającym przyrostom wydajności.

Wkład w rozwój dyscypliny: Koncepcja wzrostu opartego na płacach rzadko dyskutowana jest w literaturze głównego nurtu, zwłaszcza polskojęzycznej.


Słowa kluczowe


nierówności dochodu, rynek pracy, ufinansowienie, globalizacja, wzrost gospodarczy

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Literatura


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15678/ZNUEK.2019.0981.0302