Various Forms of International Work and Their Implications for Human Resource Management


  • Joanna Purgał-Popiela Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie, Katedra Zarządzania Kapitałem Ludzkim


global work, international assignments, global virtual teams, international human resource management


Companies expanding their activities on a worldwide scale more and more often face diverse challenges including the need to solve local market-related problems, ensure internal communication and knowledge diffusion, and coordinate often far-flung operations across the globe. They therefore turn to multiple forms of international work, such as expatriation from headquarters to subsidiaries, flexpatriation, and global virtual teams. The common thread between these forms of work is the need to include a cross-border context and employ a global perspective in decision-making processes, task performance, anticipate consequences and measure the results obtained. Due to the growing importance of these issues, the paper aims to define the essence of international work, identify its forms, recognise individual and organisational problems involved in these variegated forms and their implications for human resource management.


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